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Our Health Blog

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Dengue season: Steps to stay safe!

Dear Parents,

Once again we are in that time of the year when the Dengue disease raises its ugly head and affects many children and adults. Unfortunately, many cases are being reported this year too. Understandably it causes panic in the public; however, a few steps to prevention and few precautions taken when your child gets fever will help us defeat the dengue virus.

Dengue Fever Prevention:

How can we prevent dengue?

 

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Aedes Mosquito

 

Dengue spreads via Aedes mosquito bite. The simplest step to stay safe is to ensure that mosquitoes do not breed in your home and surroundings. Especially check for containers with stagnant water.

 

 

 

 

  • Keep your wet garbage separate and throw in a wet bin (which is kept covered).
  • Ensure mosquito-proof doors and windows (nets) are kept closed, especially during dawn and dusk.
  • Use mosquito repellents (spray in the dark corners like under the bed, behind the curtains, etc).
  • Do not let your infant/ toddler play in the dark areas like behind the curtain, under the beds, etc.
  • Use mosquito nets for the little ones especially when they are sleeping during dawn and dusk. This is the time when the mosquitoes causing dengue usually bites.
  • Wear light coloured, full clothes while going outside during dawn and dusk.
  • If any family member develops fever he/ she should rest in a screened or air-conditioned room or under a bed net till fever lasts.

 

Dengue Fever Symptoms:

Is my child suffering from dengue fever?

Dengue usually causes high-grade fever associated with one or more of the following symptoms:

  1. Headache
  2. Eye pain (typically behind the eyes)
  3. Muscle, joint, or bone pain
  4. Rash
  5. Nausea and vomiting

 

Dengue Fever Treatment:

What to do if my child has fever?

  • Don’t ignore any fever in the little ones, especially fever with body aches/ any bleeding.
  • Do not panic, dengue in large majority does not cause severe disease.
  • Strictly avoid taking NSAIDs like ibuprofen, diclofenac, etc for fever unless directed by your doctor. Give only paracetamol for fever (in appropriate doses).
  • Give plenty of oral fluids.
  • Consult your Pediatrician immediately if your child develops these symptoms in addition to fever:
    • Bleeding from any site
    • Recurrent vomiting
    • Not accepting well orally
    • Pain in the abdomen
    • Decreased urination
    • Becomes lethargic/ excessive sleepiness
    • Breathing difficulty
    • Seizures

It is important to note that some of these symptoms may occur after fever has subsided. Parents MUST be vigilant for 3 days after the fever has subsided.

 

Is any vaccine available for dengue?

  • As of now, there is no effective vaccine against dengue.

Is platelet transfusion the treatment of dengue?

  • No, platelet transfusion is required only in a small proportion of patients.

Stay safe, stay informed!

Dr Sandhya Soneja


If your little one has dengue fever in this monsoon,  You can Request an Appointment Here to Dr Sandhya Soneja at Aakash Hospital. If you liked this article, then share it with your friends & family on social network sites.  Let them know about Dengue fever Season & its Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment.


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11/Sep/2018

Tips for your Good Health

#1. Eat Better
College students are victimized by eating on the run, whether it be a quick bite at the Wright Place between classes or indulging in a tasty Big Mac. Rarely do college students pay attention to the food pyramid or whether or not they eat enough fruit and vegetables. In fact, many new dieting phenomena, such as the Atkins Diet, encourage elimination of important food groups, such as carbohydrates, as a substitute for weight loss via monitoring what you eat and exercise.
“The University attempts to provide a nutritious diet, but college students go for what tastes good and is easy. Usually, that is a bag of chips or a candy bar instead of a well-balanced meal,” said Matt Cook, junior biology major.
Eating properly will not only help you look better but will improve your overall quality of life because your body will be supplied with the nutrients it needs to function normally.

#2. Reduce Alcohol Consumption
Drinking large quantities of alcohol can wreak havoc on your body. All types of alcohol, especially beer, are full of empty calories. Beer is loaded with empty calories caused by an excessive amount of carbohydrates, which are stored as fat in the body and result in the “beer belly.”
If eliminating drinking is not in your future, drinking light beer will significantly mitigate the effect of beer’s carbohydrates. Most companies market light beer with significantly reduced crabs. Michelob Ultra, for example, only has 2.6 grams of carbohydrates per beer.

#3. Cut Down On Stress
Stress is probably the most important health concern among college students. In fact, it is the underlying cause of the health obstacles that students face. Stress produces many undesirable effects in your body. Insomnia, high blood pressure, headaches, sexual dysfunction and immune deficiency can all usually be traced back to enduring excessive amounts of stress.
The key to reducing stress is incorporating enjoyable activities into your day and refusing to bite off more than you can chew. “No,” is a word that probably ought to be used more by college students. But because of pressure to achieve, students try to do too much and as a result, are stressed.

#4. Reduce Caffeine Intake
Many students use caffeine to stay awake and get an energy boost to function. Besides the fact that soft drinks are loaded with empty calories, excessive caffeine consumption may cause “coffee jitters,” insomnia and temporarily increase heart rate. According to information obtained from Dining Services, the easiest way to cut caffeine out of your diet is to gradually remove it, drink decaffeinated coffee and drink more water.

#5. Exercise
Exercising regularly is one of the most important things you can do to keep your body’s performance optimal. Exercising 3-4 times per week keeps your muscles peaked and increases your body’s immune system. Most importantly, it helps keep your weight down so walking on the beach during spring break won’t be an embarrassment.

#6. Use Proper Protection in the Sun
College students are generally apathetic about skin care in the sun, but in the brutally hot Carolina summers, it’s important to apply sunscreen when staying out in the sun for more than 20 minutes at a time. Wearing sunscreen will reduce the risk of developing sunburn, skin cancer and premature aging of the skin.

#7. Get More Sleep
When homework and exams pile up, the only way most students can find to gain extra time is by cutting back on sleep. Sleeping on a regular schedule is important because it enables the body to recuperate and prevents fatigue, irritability and the inability to concentrate. While most college students sleep about six hours per night, it’s recommended that the average adult gets seven to eight hours of R&R for maximum performance.

#8. Develop Better Study Habits
Developing good study habits is of particular concern because it’s an easy way to achieve stress relief and maintain a balanced schedule.
“Good study habits aren’t usually thought of as a health concern, but if students adopt proper study habits, come exam time in April, students will be a lot less stressed,” said Ty wanna Jeffrey, assistant director for wellness education.

#9. Lose Weight
Being overweight is a risk factor for developing many diseases. The incidence of high blood pressure, cardiac disease and diabetes increases among overweight people. Determining whether or not you are overweight is easier than ever with quick indicators such as the Body Mass Index. Fortunately, losing weight is easier than ever due to increased understanding of dieting techniques and exercise. While students turn to means such as smoking to control their weight, such unhealthy techniques should be avoided.

#10. Get an Annual Physical
Whether or not you feel like you are in the best shape of your life, getting a yearly physical is highly recommended. Many STD s, especially in females, are asymptomatic and can result in increased incidence of ovarian cancer and sterility. Males ages 18-35 are at an increased risk of developing testicular cancer. Getting a yearly physical is the most reliable way to avoid health problems, especially those that aren’t visible to the untrained eye.


You can Request an Appointment Here at Aakash Hospital for any health-related problems. Share this post with your friends if you liked it. Let them know about the above Health Tips.


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10/Sep/2018

Do’s & Don’ts of Fitness

There are plenty of articles telling you how to get fit, but what about things you shouldn’t be doing to accomplish this goal? Healthy and fit individuals follow certain strategies to achieve results and maintain their bodies. What exactly are they not doing that you can learn from to get fit?

 

Do’s

  • Write down your fitness goals. You’re more likely to stick with a program once you have set some specific goals.
  • Assess your current fitness level before starting an exercise program. By doing so, you’ll be able to establish goals that meet your specific fitness needs.
  • Consider talking with your health care provider before embarking on a fitness program, particularly if you are struggling with a health condition such as diabetes or obesity.
  • Always warm-up before your workout and cool down afterward.
  • Don’t overdo it! Try doing too much at once and you’ll burn out swiftly. Slowly increase the intensity of your workouts.
  • Diversify your workout routine. If you do the same exercises day after day, you’ll quickly tire and are more likely to skip workouts.
  • Work out with a friend. You’ll help motivate each other.
  • Drink plenty of water before, during and after your workouts.
  • Start small. Aim for just 10-15 minutes of exercise when you’re just starting out.

 

Don’ts

1. Procrastinate
Waiting wastes your time and negatively affects your health. If you want to get fit, it will take action starting now and not tomorrow. Fit individuals don’t wait around for things to happen, they make fitness results happen.

2. Make Excuses
Excuses don’t burn calories or improve your health. You want to improve your fitness but keep coming up with reasons not to do the work. Fit people understand the importance of their health and make it a priority.

3. Go on a Diet
Going on a diet only provides short-term results and lots of frustration. Weight loss may happen initially but returns, plus some, when the diet is over. Getting fit requires a nutrition lifestyle change and this means eating right, not eating less.

4. Bash Yourself
Negative self-talk and body shaming aren’t beneficial to you or your fitness. You desire to look good but aren’t able to accept who you are now while working on the body you want. Getting healthy requires a positive attitude and self-acceptance every step of the fitness journey.

5. Avoid Making Health and Fitness a Priority
Not making fitness a priority is a big reason you’re not seeing results. You want to be fit but not willing to take the time to eat right, exercise, and get plenty of rest. There is always something more important than you. Fit individuals see the value of health improvement and make the time to live a healthy lifestyle.

6. Compare Your Progress
Your fitness results will differ from another. Constantly comparing your body and fitness program with your friend or whoever can lead to frustration, disappointment, and even quitting. Fit people focus on their own body, progress, and do what works best for them.

7. Get Fit for Others
Getting fit to please someone else is not really taking care of you for you. Others can disappoint you and even make you feel bad about fitness efforts. The reason to get fit and feel good is a decision fit people make for themselves for their own happiness and health.

8. Expect Instant Results
Fitness results take some time but you’re not willing to wait for realistic results. You continue to get upset and jump from program to program believing false guarantees. Fit individuals maintain a relaxed mindset, trust the process, and realize getting healthy is a consistent process that requires patience.

9. Focus on Slipups
You are more focused on slipups like eating a cookie instead of celebrating daily fitness efforts. You’re unable to accept slipups are part of the program. You put yourself through so much food guilt, enjoying a fit lifestyle can feel like a burden. Those who live a fit lifestyle understand it’s not perfect, do their best each day, focus on the positive, and enjoy cheat meals as part of a balanced healthy life.

10. Fear Trying New Things
Doubt and fear steal more dreams than failure ever will. You want to get fit but fear the gym environment, being around new people, and trying new things in general. This becomes your scapegoat or excuse for not getting involved in a fitness program. Fit people will try new things even if they feel scared or intimidated because they understand the health benefits gained are life-long compared to a temporary feeling.

11. Sabotage Your Program
Your fitness program is easily sabotaged by your own choices or the influence of others. Skipping workouts becomes more frequent, and eating healthy, not consistent. You started strong but are really not taking your fitness seriously. Those maintaining fit and healthy bodies keep their exercise appointments and eat healthy at least 80% of the time.

12. Give Up
If you stop now, what was it all for in the first place? You are unhappy about lots of things including not seeing results, exercise, and probably a restrictive diet. Instead of trying a better strategy, your choice is to return to unhealthy habits. Giving up is not respecting your body or your health. Fit people never give up and if something isn’t working, they keep trying until they find what does work.


You can Request an Appointment Here at Aakash Hospital for any health-related problems. Share this post with your friends if you liked it. Let them know about the above Fitness Tips.


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08/Sep/2018

Yogurt for your Health

Yogurt is wealthy in nutrition, can invariably add energy, as well as calcium, intestinal along with other conditioning, a couple of female buddies, desired food, some women even regard it as being snacks to consume. Then your yogurt can actually not just in a drink it? This inside there’s any misunderstanding it?

#1. Simple to confuse yogurt and yogurt drinks

The main grocery stores sell a number of yogurt and yogurt drinks, to ensure that customers get confused. Would need to buy yogurt, yogurt drinks can accidentally place the house bought back. Actually, modern knowledge of the yogurt, you will find some errors. Yogurt is made of top quality milk fermented by lactic acidity bacteria, that are basically inside the scope from the milk. The yogurt drink, just-drinks one, is no more the milk, both completely different nutrient contents. In compliance using the provisions from the dairy industry, 100 grams of the protein content of yogurt requires e 2.9 g, as the protein content of yogurt drink only has 1 gram approximately. May serve as a refreshing yogurt drink, thirst-quenching drinks to quench their thirst simultaneously still it has some dietary value but isn’t any replacement for milk and yogurt.

 #2. Once the drinks could be liberated to drink yogurt

Lots of people have the yogurt like a snack, consuming every single day to experience delicately. Yogurt should give consideration to prevent, it’ll easily result in hyperacidity, gastric mucosa and modify the secretion of digestive support enzymes and lower appetite. Particularly in peacetime hyperacidity, frequently feel stomach Deficiency, abdominal distension, and much more appropriate to consume. For healthy people, eating about 250-500 grams each day is much more appropriate for that Yogurt.

 #3. Milk is much more healthy than yogurt

Lots of people believe that milk, yogurt after fermentation gets to be more healthy, actually, the dietary value from the purpose of view, the main difference isn’t great. However, in comparison with yogurt and milk, yogurt simpler to digest and absorb, which makes it the nutrition utilization elevated. Additionally, the majority of the sugar found in milk is lactose, some insufficient lactase digestion in grown-ups, affecting lactose digestion, absorption and employ, leading to them stomach discomfort after consuming milk or diarrhea, referred to as ” lactose intolerance “, you’ll be able to use yogurt rather than milk. Should you suffer lactose intolerance, and when the milk simultaneously, with numerous starchy meals, but additionally alleviate the signs and symptoms.

 #4. eating yogurt can combine

Yogurt and blend up lots of food is excellent, especially breakfast with bread, dessert, not just taste good but additionally healthy. Yogurt and certain drugs shouldn’t be exactly the same clothes, for example, chloramphenicol, erythromycin along with other antibiotics, sulfa drugs, which could kill or harm to lactic acidity bacteria in yogurt. However, the yogurt is extremely fit and starchy meals with food, for example, grain, noodles, steamed buns, steamed bread, bread.

 #5. More yogurt to slim down

Yogurt since it consists of lots of lactic acidity bacteria, can effectively regulate body flora balance, promote intestinal peristalsis, and therefore relieve constipation. The research implies that lengthy-term constipation and putting on weight possess a certain relationship. Yogurt also offers a particular sense of fullness, mild hunger, drink can effectively alleviate the urgent appetite, therefore reducing the quantity of eating the following meal. However the yogurt itself consists of a certain amount of warmth, if based on the initial extra to consume more foods, exactly the same would be the chance of putting on weight. The easiest way would be to choose the labeled body fat and occasional-calorie yogurt words, even though they taste so wealthy mellow than full-body fat yogurt, however, the warmth is going to be lower, not vulnerable to body fat.

 #6. Yogurt cannot be heated

Lots of people think that yogurt cannot be heated to consume, for fear probably the most valuable heated lactic acidity bacteria in yogurt happen to be wiped out, and also the taste and texture can change, their dietary value and healthcare functions will disappear. Actually, the only real heated to lukewarm yogurt, lactic acidity bacteria in yogurt won’t be wiped out but will raise the activity of lactic acidity bacteria, and it is a unique role in healthcare is going to be increased. Even yogurt can be put in bags or cups tepid to warm water about 45 gradually heated, with heated rock, feeling the gentle, and you may drink. Within the cold winter warm glass of yogurt, the flavour will certainly be much better.

 

Benefits of yogurt for skin:

1. Moisturize

Revive dull skin on your face with only that tasty yogurt in your fridge. A simple yogurt face mask applied two or three times a week will leave you with soft, supple skin—and save you a load of cash on beauty products.

To indulge in a yogurt facial, follow these steps:

First, wash your face. When you’re finished slathering and splashing, smooth some creamy, natural yogurt over your face and neck. The yogurt will lock in the moisture from washing your face. Let the mixture refresh your skin for about ten minutes, and then rinse it off.

The lactic acid, a natural alpha hydroxy acid, in the yogurt helps smooth and exfoliate skin. Make sure to use a thick kind with active cultures for the ultimate beauty benefits. Strain the mixture if it’s too runny.

2. Sunburn relief

Too much time spent basking in summer’s glow? Nourish your achy sunburn naturally with yogurt. The zinc in yogurt helps cool the harsh bite of a sunburn.

Add a few drops of soothing chamomile essential oil to about a handful of organic yogurt. Rub the calming concoction over your sunburned skin and let it sit for 10 to 15 minutes before rinsing it off.

3. Fight acne

Beware, pimples! Yogurt contains natural antibacterial and anti-fungal properties. To get rid of those nasty blotches, rub a dab of the creamy stuff into acne-prone areas. Let the yogurt work its zit-zapping magic and then rinse it off after 30 minutes.

A regular beauty regime with a yogurt facial mask will help keep skin cleansed, which will also reduce irritating breakouts.

4. Reduce discoloration

When used regularly, yogurt has mild bleaching powers that can smooth out discoloration. Reduce blotches and age spots associated with sunburn by rubbing a few tablespoons of yogurt mixed with a squeeze of lemon juice onto skin for 30 minutes, and then rinsing off the mixture. Repeat three times a week.

5. Prevent premature aging

You know they’re coming, but that doesn’t mean you can’t slow fine lines and wrinkles down a bit. Naturally, reduce fine lines and wrinkles from forming with an anti-aging yogurt face mask. The lactic acid in yogurt will help dissolve dead skin and tighten pores.

Add a tablespoon of olive oil to three to four tablespoons of yogurt. Apply the mixture to your face for about 30 minutes, three times a week

 

 Health Benefits of Yogurt

(1) It’s Rich in Important Nutrients

Yogurt contains some of the nearly every nutrient that your body needs.

It’s known for containing a lot of calcium, a mineral necessary for healthy teeth and bones. Just one cup provides 49% of your daily calcium needs.

It is also high in B vitamins, particularly vitamin B12 and riboflavin, both of which may protect against heart disease and certain neural tube birth defects.

One cup also provides 38% of your daily need for phosphorus, 12% for magnesium and 18% for potassium. These minerals are essential for several biological processes, such as regulating blood pressure, metabolism and bone health.

One nutrient that yogurt does not contain naturally is vitamin D, but it is commonly fortified with it. Vitamin D promotes bone and immune system health and may reduce the risk of some diseases, including heart disease and depression.

Yogurt provides almost every nutrient that your body needs. It is especially high in calcium, B vitamins and trace minerals.

Yogurt provides an impressive amount of protein, with about 12 grams per 7 ounces (200 grams).

Protein has been shown to support metabolism by increasing your energy expenditure, or the number of calories that you burn throughout the day.

Getting enough protein is also important for appetite regulation, as it increases the production of hormones that signal fullness. It may automatically reduce the number of calories you consume overall, which is beneficial for weight control.

In one study, subjects who snacked on yogurt were less hungry and consumed 100 fewer calories at dinner, compared to those who ate lower-protein snacks with the same amount of calories.

Yogurt’s fullness-promoting effects are even more prominent if you eat Greek yogurt, which is a very thick variety that has been strained. It is higher in protein than regular yogurt, providing 22 grams per 7 ounces (200 grams).

Greek yogurt has been shown to influence appetite control and delay feelings of hunger more than regular yogurt with less protein.

Yogurt, especially the Greek variety, is very high in protein. Protein is helpful for appetite and weight control.

(3) Some Varieties May Benefit Digestive Health

Some types of yogurt contain live bacteria, or probiotics, that were either a part of the starter culture or added after pasteurization.

These may benefit digestive health when consumed.

Unfortunately, many yogurts have been pasteurized, which is a heat treatment that kills the beneficial bacteria they contain.

To ensure your yogurt contains effective probiotics, look for one that contains live, active cultures, which should be listed on the label.

Some types of probiotics found in yogurts, such as Bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus, have been shown to lessen the uncomfortable symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which is a common disorder that affects the colon.

One study had IBS patients regularly consume fermented milk or yogurt that contained Bifidobacteria. After only three weeks, they reported improvements in bloating and stool frequency — effects seen after six weeks, as well.

Another study found that yogurt with Bifidobacteria improved digestive symptoms and health-related quality of life among women who did not have a diagnosed digestive condition.

Furthermore, several studies have found that probiotics may protect against antibiotic-associated diarrhea, as well as constipa.

Some types of yogurt contain probiotics, which may boost digestive health by reducing the symptoms of common gastrointestinal disorders, such as bloating, diarrhea and constipation.

(5) It May Strengthens Your Immune System

Consuming yogurt — especially if it contains probiotics — on a regular basis may strengthen your immune system and reduce your likelihood of contracting an illness.

Probiotics have been shown to reduce, which is linked to several health conditions ranging from viral infections to gut disorders.

Research shows that in some instances, probiotics may also help reduce the incidence, duration and severity of the common cold.

Moreover, the immune-enhancing properties of yogurt are partly due to its magnesium, selenium and zinc, which are trace minerals known for the role they play in immune system health.

Vitamin D-fortified yogurts may boost immune health even further. Vitamin D has been studied for its potential to prevent illnesses such as the common cold and flu.

Yogurt provides probiotics, vitamins and minerals, all of which may boost immune health and prevent certain illnesses.

(6) It May Protect Against Osteoporosis

All of these vitamins and minerals are especially helpful for preventing osteoporosis, a condition characterized by weakening of the bones. It is common in the elderly.

Individuals with osteoporosis have low bone density and are at a higher risk of bone fractures.

However, research shows that consuming at least three servings of dairy foods, such as yogurt, on a daily basis may help preserve bone mass and strength.

Yogurt is rich in vitamins and minerals that play a key role in bone health. Consuming it regularly may reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

 

(7) It May Benefit Heart Health

Yogurt’s fat content is one of the reasons why its healthiness is often controversial. It contains mostly saturated fat, with a small amount of monounsaturated fatty acids.

Saturated fat was previously believed to cause heart disease, but current research shows that this isn’t the case. Nevertheless, fat-free and low-fat varieties of yogurt are still popular in the US. There is no clear evidence that the fat in yogurt is harmful to your health. In fact, it may benefit heart health.

Some research shows that the intake of saturated fat from whole-milk products increases “good” HDL cholesterol, which may protect heart health. Other studies have found yogurt intake to reduce the overall incidence of heart disease.

Furthermore, dairy products like yogurt have been shown to help reduce high blood pressure, which is a major risk factor for heart disease. The effects seem to be most prominent in those already diagnosed with high blood pressure.

Regardless of its fat content, yogurt appears to benefit heart health by increasing “good” HDL cholesterol and reducing blood pressure.

(8) It May Promote Weight Management
Yogurt has several properties that may help with weight management.

For starters, it is high in protein, which works along with calcium to increase levels of appetite-reducing hormones like peptide YY and GLP-1.

Furthermore, several studies have found that yogurt consumption is associated with lower body weight, body fat percentage and waist circumference.

One review found that the intake of full-fat dairy products, including yogurt, may reduce the incidence of obesity. This is contrary to what was previously believed about fat intake and weight gain.

Other studies have found that those who eat yogurt tend to eat better overall, compared to those who do not eat it. This is partly due to its higher nutrient content, compared to its fairly low-calorie content.

Yogurt is high in protein, which is very filling, and may improve your diet overall. Both of these aspects help with weight management.

 


You can Request an Appointment Here at Aakash Hospital for any health-related problems. Share this post with your friends if you liked it. Let them know about the Benefits of Yogurt.


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07/Sep/2018

What is Kidney Disease?

Kidney disease refers to conditions and problems with the kidneys and their function. Kidney disease also called as a renal disease is a general term for when the kidneys are damaged and don’t function as they should. Kidney disease can be treated once diagnosed. Chronic Kidney disease is caused by permanent damage to your kidneys and can get worse over time. If the damage gets very bad, your kidneys may stop working. This is called kidney failure, or end-stage renal disease.

What Are the Symptoms of Kidney Disease?

Signs and symptoms of kidney disease may vary depending upon the type.

Initially, kidney failure may not produce any symptoms (asymptomatic). As kidney function decreases, the symptoms are related to the inability to regulate water and electrolyte balances, clear waste products from the body, and promote red blood cell production. If unrecognized or untreated, the following symptoms of kidney failure may develop into life-threatening circumstances. however, common non-specific symptoms of chronic kidney disease include.

  • Lethargy
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Generalized swelling (edema)
  • Generalized weakness due to anemia
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Fatigue
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Metabolic acidosis
  • High blood potassium (hyperkalemia)
  • Fatal heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias) including ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation
  • Rising urea levels in the blood (uremia) may lead to brain encephalopathy, pericarditis(inflammation of the heart lining), or low calcium blood levels (hypocalcemia)

What causes kidney disease?

  1. Diabetes: If you have diabetes, your body has trouble using the sugar you eat for energy. When the sugar is not used correctly, it stays in your blood. This can hurt your kidneys.
  2. High Blood Pressure: If you have blood pressure, it means your heart is working too hard to pump your blood through your body. Instead of moving normally through your body, your blood moves quickly and forcefully. This can hurt your kidneys.

Other things that raise your chances of getting kidney disease include:

>>Having Heart disease

>>Having a family member with kidney disease.

 

What causes kidney failure?

Kidney failure may occur from an acute situation that injures the kidneys or from chronic diseases that gradually cause the kidneys to stop functioning.

In acute renal failure, kidney function is lost rapidly and can occur from a variety of insults to the body. Since most people have two kidneys, both kidneys must be damaged for complete kidney failure to occur. Fortunately, if only one kidney fails or is diseased it can be removed, and the remaining kidney may continue to have normal kidney (renal) function. If a both patient’s kidneys are injured or diseased, a donor kidney(s) may be transplanted.

The list of causes of kidney failure is often categorized based on where the injury has occurred.

Prerenal causes (pre=before + renal=kidney) causes are due to the decreased blood supply to the kidney. Examples of prerenal causes of kidney failure are:

  • Hypovolemia (low blood volume) due to blood loss
  • Dehydration from loss of body fluid (for example, vomiting, diarrhea, sweating, fever)
  • Poor intake of fluids
  • Medication, for example, diuretics (“water pills”) may cause excessive water loss
  • Abnormal blood flow to and from the kidney due to obstruction of the renal artery or vein.

What are the Stages of Kidney Disease?

Treatment may vary depending on the stage and cause of your kidney disease.

Early Stages

In the early stages of chronic kidney disease, treatment is focused on slowing the progress of kidney disease, and reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Changes to your lifestyle may be needed to keep your kidneys healthy.

You may also be prescribed different medications to help keep your body in balance. Your doctor or chemist can explain what the medications are for. It is important to take them exactly as instructed.

Your doctor will also perform a Kidney Health Check on a regular basis to check how your kidneys are performing.

Middle Stages

In the middle stages of chronic kidney disease, complications such as bone disease and anaemia may occur as the level of waste in the blood rises.

Treatment is focused on slowing the progress of kidney disease, reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and preventing and managing complications of chronic kidney disease.

The treatment is similar for early stages of chronic kidney disease. You may need blood and urine tests more frequently, and you may be prescribed more medications. At this stage of kidney disease, you may be referred to a kidney specialist.

Later Stages

Even with the best management, chronic kidney disease sometimes progresses to later stages. This is also called end-stage kidney disease (or kidney failure). In the later stages of kidney disease, your kidney function will need to replaced by either a kidney transplant or dialysis.

Kidney transplants can come from a living or a deceased donor.

Dialysis has a number of options, which include home dialysis (either peritoneal dialysis or home haemodialysis) and centre-based haemodialysis.

 

Treatment of Kidney Disease

When it comes time to choose a treatment for kidney failure, the decision may often be stressful. Learning as much as you can about your options and talking with your healthcare team to choose a treatment plan that’s right for you will help you and your family feel better prepared to make this difficult decision. Each option has different advantages and disadvantages so it is important to learn as much as possible. What might be positive for one person might be a negative for someone else?

When is treatment needed?

Your doctor will help you decide when you need to start treatment. The decision is based on:

  • Your symptoms
  • Other health problems you have
  • How many kidneys function you have left
  • Your nutritional health

 

How do I know which treatment is right for me?

There are two treatment options for kidney failure: dialysis (hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis) and kidney transplantation.

Talk to your family so you can decide which treatment will best fit your lifestyle needs. Also, you always have the choice to change to a different type of treatment in the future. As your needs and your life change over time, so may your treatment. However, there may be medical reasons why a particular treatment option is not right for you, so talk with your health care team to discuss your personal needs.

What is hemodialysis?

Hemodialysis is a treatment that removes wastes and extra fluid from your blood. It can be done at home or at a dialysis center. During hemodialysis, the blood is pumped through soft tubes to a dialysis machine where it goes through a special filter called a dialyzer (also called an artificial kidney). After your blood is filtered, it is returned to your bloodstream.

What is peritoneal dialysis?

In peritoneal dialysis (PD), your blood is cleaned inside your body, not outside your body. The lining of your abdomen (the peritoneum) acts as a natural filter. A cleansing solution flows into your abdomen (your belly) through a soft tube called a PD catheter. Wastes and extra fluid pass from your blood into the cleansing solution. Peritoneal dialysis is a home-based treatment and can be done at home, at work, at school or even during travel. Because of this, peritoneal dialysis may allow for greater flexibility.

What is a kidney transplant?

A kidney transplant is an operation that places a healthy kidney from another person into your body. The kidney may come from someone who has died or from a living donor who may be a close relative, spouse or friend. It can even come from someone who wishes to donate a kidney to anyone in need of a transplant. However, a kidney transplant is a treatment, not a cure, and it is important to care for the new kidney with the same care as before receiving the transplant.

 


You can Request an Appointment Here at Aakash Hospital for the Treatment of Kidney Disease. Share this post with your friends if you liked it. Let them know about Kidney Disease.


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Monsoon Season – Time to Have Fun with Caution!

The monsoon showers are eagerly awaited by children and their parents alike. It brings respite from the scorching summer heat and rejuvenates all of us. It also brings with it a plethora of diseases like dengue, malaria, typhoid, viral hepatitis, leptospirosis to name a few. It is important to take some precautions to stay safe and enjoy the rains to the fullest. Here is a list of simple do’s and don’ts for the safety of everyone especially the cute little ones:

 

Do’s

  1. Ensure mosquito-proof doors and windows are kept closed, especially during dawn and dusk.
  2. Use mosquito repellents (spray in the dark corners like under the bad, behind the curtains etc.)
  3. Check for breeding sites for Aedes mosquitoes (any container with stagnant water ) at home.
  4. Use mosquito nets, the malaria-causing mosquitoes bites mostly at midnight and early hours of the morning.
  5. Wear light coloured, full clothes while going outside during dawn and dusk, this is the time when the mosquitoes causing dengue bite.
  6. Give your little ones boiled/ RO purified water in a water bottle when they go out to play.
  7. Wash hands frequently, before and after having food and after going to the toilet.
  8. Give your kid drinking water for brushing their teeth.

 

Don’ts

  1. Don’t let water accumulate in containers in and around the household. It will prevent the breeding of Aedes, the mosquitoes which spread dengue.
  2. Don’t let your child play in accumulated rainwater.
  3. Avoid eating outside food especially uncovered food items.
  4. Don’t eat pre-peeled fruits available outside.
  5. Avoid adding ice to soft drinks, juices while having them outside in restaurants/ food stalls.
  6. Don’t ignore any fever in the little ones, especially fever with body aches/ any bleeding.
  7. Strictly avoid taking NSAIDs like ibuprofen, diclofenac for fever unless directed by your doctor. Take only paracetamol for fever.

 

Have a safe and fun-filled monsoon!

Dr. Sandhya Soneja

Pediatrics


If your little one has fever in this monsoon, You can Request an Appointment Here to Dr. Sandhya Soneja at Aakash Hospital. If you liked it. Share this post with your friends on social network sites.  Let them know about Do’s & Don’ts of Monsoon.

 

 


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03/Sep/2018

Easy Ways to Reduce Your Breast Cancer Risk

Easy Ways and Tips to Prevent Breast Cancer. Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in women. In fact, the leading disease cause of death of women. But do not worry too much, there are many ways to prevent breast cancer.

Healthy living habits such as eating more fruits, avoid alcoholic beverages and actively exercise can help prevent breast cancer.

 

Aakash Hospital breast cancer

 

#1. As a beginning step, Recognize Breast Cancer Risk
Keep in mind that there are associated risks of breast cancer that can not be avoided, such as genetic factors, being born as a woman, and had a certain age. Even so, there are other risks that can be learned. Let’s discuss them one by one.

#2. Genetic factors
Can not be denied, genetic factors greatly affect the likelihood of breast cancer. The factors contributing to the disease as much as 5-10 percent. However, most cases of women affected by breast cancer did not have a family history of similar disease. Means that there are high expectations for successful ways to prevent breast cancer through a healthy lifestyle.

#3. Age factor
In the case of breast cancer, the older a woman is considered more at risk of developing this disease. Women who menstruate first time at the age under 12 years and women who went through menopause after age 51 are also at risk of developing breast cancer.

#4. Pregnancy factor
Women and affairs of pregnancy there was a connection with breast cancer. Those who risk increases the possibility of getting breast cancer is an adult woman who has never been pregnant, pregnant for the first time at the age of 30 years and gave birth to the age of 35 years.

#5. Another factor
In addition to the factors mentioned above, there are other factors that make the risk of breast cancer increases. These factors we’ve got breast cancer before, never had ovarian cancer, have dense breast tissue, and never affected by exposure to radiation in the chest area in childhood and adolescence.

 

Aakash Hospital breast cancer

 

Already Know Their Risks, now Focus on Prevention

After acknowledging the risk, how to prevent breast cancer can be done by reducing these risks with these things.

#1. Maintain ideal weight remains
Weight loss is closely related to breast cancer risk. Women who experience weight gain or obesity after menopause, have an increased risk of breast cancer by 30-60 percent. Meanwhile, women who experience weight gain or obesity before menopause, the risk of cancer payudara20-40 percent higher than those with normal weight. Weight change and time of occurrence of weight gain are presumably related to the state of the hormones in the body. Seeing this risk, maintain a healthy weight ideal is one way to prevent breast cancer that you can do.

#2. Emphasize healthy foods

Although eating fruits and fresh vegetables not provide effective protection against breast cancer, at least it can help reduce the risk of breast cancer. Women who have breast cancer, even more, quality of life can be if avoiding fatty foods. Fatty meats, sausages, cream, margarine, butter, and oils are sources of food to be avoided as the recommended prevention efforts.

#3. Take time to exercise
Women who are physically active can reduce the risk of breast cancer. Instead, the risk is higher for women who have for years never physical process again. Standards for moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (such as cycling and brisk walking) is 2 hours 30 minutes per week.

#4. Stop smoking whatever reason

You’ve become smokers still at risk of developing breast cancer by 13 percent higher than those who never smoked at all. Worse conditions you could experience if still active smoking, which is 24 percent higher risk. Women who had smoked from an early age, the risk is even higher, i.e., plus 12 percent. One more, women who smoked before their first pregnancy, the risk would increase by 21 percent. Seeing these risks, quit smoking right now is the most appropriate choice.

#5. Limiting alcohol
Consuming alcoholic drinks one glass per day increases the risk of breast cancer by 10-12 percent compared to someone who does not drink alcohol. The potential of breast cancer is higher if a regular drink more than a glass per day. Can occur because there is a link between levels of alcohol with changes of hormones in the blood. In this case as a way to prevent breast cancer is to reduce the intake of alcohol, even advised to stop altogether.

#6. Feeding the baby regularly
Although the rate of decline in risk is small, breastfeeding can help prevent breast cancer. Every 12 months of breastfeeding, the risk of breast cancer can be reduced by 4.3 percent.

#7. Limiting hormone therapy
Women associated with menopause usually do hormone therapy. Therapy was used the hormones estrogen and progesterone are usually long terms, which is about ten years. Therefore, this therapy increases the risk of breast cancer. However, when the use is stopped, in about five years, these risks can be re-reduced. If you need hormone therapy, consult a physician to reduce the hormone levels.

#8. Avoid exposure to radiation
There are some things that might make you exposed to high levels of radiation, such as the use of medical equipment CT scan, working in treatment using radiation, and exposure to the fumes, and chemicals. Protect yourself from such exposure, and as much as possible avoided.

#9. Recognizing Changes Existing
Awareness to find ways to prevent breast cancer can do themselves to identify if there is a change in yourself. The most common thing to recognize abnormalities in the breast is to perform BSE method, namely by hand. Do not be lazy to do it because it is very important to help maintain the health of breast cancer.

 


If you’ve done all of the above and still want to get a way to prevent breast cancer, consult with a doctor. Ask your doctor for a mammogram, so you get more accurate information. Another aim is that if there are signs of breast cancer, can be immediately handled. You can Request an Appointment Here at Aakash Hospital for prevention from breast cancer. Share this post with your friends if you liked it. Let them know about How to Prevent Breast Cancer.


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01/Sep/2018

Eye Care Tips for your Beautiful Eyes

1. Take short breaks: avoid spending or sitting long hours before computer rather take short breaks in between and relax.

2. Don’t rub your eyes: this is the common mistake done by many people when something entered your eye, instead take others to help to get rid off.

3. Drinking more water helps: by drinking more water you can reduce the puffiness of your eyes and makes you feel relaxed as well.

4. Take care of your diet: make sure that your diet contains spinach, tomatoes, citrus fruits, vegetables and foods rich in vitamins A, C, and E.

5. Follow eye exercises: I would like to suggest one best exercise where you have to blink your eyes for a few seconds and then close your eyes, roll your eyes (eyeballs) in clockwise and anti-clockwise. Make sure you do
this in between your work. Follow yoga and meditation.

 

Eye Care Home remedies: 

Natural Eye Care Tips: Eye care with Natural Home Made way

  • Put sliced cucumber over your eyes to treat dark circles.
  • Put potato slices on your eye to get rid of those dark circles.
  • Soak amla overnight in water and use this water the next morning to wash the eyes.
  • Soak cotton in Luke warm milk and cover eyes with it for 15 min.
  • To soothe tired eyes, dip cotton pads in chilled milk and place on closed eyes for 10 minutes. Now relax completely.
  • If your eye twitches or your eyes are red and feeling itchy, massage your scalp with curd.
  • Soak 1 tsp. dry amla in one cup of water overnight. Next morning strain it through a muslin cloth and then add one extra cup of water. Splash your eyes with this solution each morning. This makes your eyes sparkle.
  • For Puffy Eyes: Grate a potato with its peel and apply on your closed eyelids for about 20 minutes and relax completely. You may even take a nap.

 


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